Approaches of eco-socialism are necessary to the ecology sustainability. In the age of capitalism, sense has been augmented that ‘production and consumption’, as well as input and output of carbon into the ecosystem. Consequently, sociocide and ecocide are common phenomena around the world. Increased commodity production demands that greater contribution of carbon dioxide (CO2) into the biosphere via fossil fuel consumption. Recently, a publication from ‘Journal of Industrial Ecology’ explains that we consume food to knick-knacks is responsible for up to 60% of global greenhouse gas emissions and between 50 and 80% of total land, material, and water use. According to the diverse study, about four-fifths of the environmental impact of consumerism comes not from direct behaviors like driving cars or taking long showers, but rather from sources further down our products.
Global planetary crises as depend mostly on thoughts and strategies of production system, the sustainable development goals demand fruitful solution. In general, Marxism analyses on class systems and the ecology deals with inborn interconnections between nature and living organisms. Environmental critique of Marx has predisposed the development of ecological contemplation and performs while ecology has conversant socialist contemplation and practice. Around the word, mass people and nature is innocent victim of class violence and bioterrorism.
Imperialistic political power is based on fossil fuels, and the US military is the engine that consumes those fuels to produce that power. So long as there is American political elite that craves lucrative personal prestige and the ability to dominate internationally, the US economy will be fossil-fueled capitalism that maintains the military colossus. In this context, Climate change action would hamper imperialistic ambition, as the Sustainable energy is intrinsically a socialist form of powering civilization, because the energy to be used locally can be collected locally, which frustrates the capitalist culture.
Regarding global imperialism, it is impossible to power the trucks, tanks, gun-carriages, helicopters, airplanes, missiles, drones, ships and submarines of the US military with renewable energy like − solar and wind power; only fossil fuels will activate that. Also nuclear power based on a fossil fuel, fissile uranium is used to propel particularly large destruction-projection platforms, specifically missile-carrying submarines and aircraft carriers. In general, ‘Green’ forms of energy — solar, wind, hydroelectric — are intrinsically of low energy-density; they are spread out over large areas from which they are collected rather slowly, rather than being chemically concentrated into relatively compact masses, like coal, petroleum, natural gas and fissile uranium, which can be ignited to release their stored energy. Local sources of ‘green’ electrical energy can power resident infrastructure almost anywhere, because solar, wind and even hydro power are widely available around the world.
Whatever, the utilization of fossil fuels – coal, petroleum, natural gas and uranium is higher in developed countries where poor countries unable to utilize these energy. Combustion of fossil fuels generates sulfuric, carbonic, and nitric acids, which fall to earth as acid rain, impacting both natural areas and the built environment. Fossil fuels also contain radioactive materials, mainly uranium and thorium, which are released into the atmosphere. In 2000, about 12,000 tons of thorium and 5,000 tons of uranium were released worldwide from burning coal.
USA, China, Russia, Japan and India use more fossil fuels and emit limitless CO2 (Carbon-di-oxide) which is contributing global warming and altering climatic scenario. The level of carbon emission in different countries is china-9040.74 million metric tons (28%), USA-4994.80(15%), India-2066.01(6%), Russia-1468.99(5%), Japan-1141.58(4%) and Germany-729.72(2%). Global ecological system owns carbon through 2 forms – carbon-di-oxide (CO2) and methane (CH4). Both deforestation and emission of greenhouse gases linked to increased atmospheric carbon di-oxide (CO2) levels and altering the common indicator of climate – rainfall, humidity and earth’s temperature. Generally, climate change effects will be the cause of suffering of the various sectors of the country including agriculture, industry, infrastructure, livelihoods, marine resources, forestry, biodiversity, human health and utility services.
Clarification of ‘Carbon rift theory and Marxism’ and the exigency of Karl Marx eco-centrism are true both for developed and developing states. Carbon rift is a system where natural carbon moved and exchanged in nature through carbon cycle and which is closely interconnected with biosphere, geosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere. When the fossil fuels are burned globally from its sustainable level then more carbon are spread from coal( 3510 gig tons carbon), oil ( 230 gig tons carbon), petroleum, gas ( 140 gig tons carbon) and peat (250 gig tons carbon).
Now the time to integrate global goals of sustainable development and Paris agreement on climate change that how to make sustainable society and reduce global temperature. As the global interest groups target firmly insertion of development regarding; water security and sanitation, life below water-ecosystem, life on land-ecosystem and climatic action, context employs the ecological understanding of Marxism. Marxism is a philosophy not only class struggle for equal society but also sustainable ecological development through limits the man-made threats. It is also a co-existence between nature and human being if we consider the eco-socialism.
Green energy is intrinsically a eco-socialist form of powering culture, as the energy to be used locally can be collected locally, which frustrates the capitalist impulse to monopolize narrowly-defined sites of high energy-density fuel deposits — like coal and uranium mines, and oil and gas wells — and tightly confined electrical generation plants that meter out their electrical power through a web of long distance transmission lines.
Today, global capitalism is based on surveillance capitalism and disaster capitalism. Regarding surveillance capitalism, it has been obligatory of capital as watchdog to push any society and economy. Other hand, disaster capitalism aggressively forced capital where it does not think about mass people, climate, nature and wildlife. These two formations just think and own profit and maximize the profits even killing the nature and setting terrorism. Consequently, it is obvious to emit more carbon to re-settle capital globally.
To conclude, through the philosophy of eco-socialism context demands to transform all planning and actions from ‘appearance of things’ to ‘essence of things’; and shape the movement as mass movement against the global rent-seekers-grabbers grand alliance and imperialistic rulers to lower the emission of carbon which killing our life, nature, environment, eco-system and green-economy for pollution free next humane world.
The Writer is an Environmental Analyst & Associate Member, Bangladesh Economic Association.